The Vault

Early essays and accounts of a greater understanding of story

The Vault

Personal Baggage and the Main Character

Defining the difference between point-of-view and narrative function

James R. Hull

The Vault

Ain't It Cool's Sneak Peek of Pixar's Brave Displays More Ignorance

Critiques based on inadequate understandings of narrative create great distress.

James R. Hull

The Vault

Why Gross Generalizations in Screenwriting Don't Work

Greater specificity in how we look at story results in a greater understanding of how narrative works.

James R. Hull

The Vault

You Cannot Avoid Screenplay Structure

Structure is the carrier wave of your story’s message.

James R. Hull

The Vault

The Confusion between Main Character and Protagonist

Trying once again to educate the masses on the difference between objective and subjective points-of-view

James R. Hull

The Vault

Michael Hague's Screenplay Structure and Why It Works

Knowing why structure functions clues one in on the importance of structure.

James R. Hull

The Vault

The Mind of a Main Character

The base operating system of a character

James R. Hull

The Vault

How Main Characters Approach Problems

Some prefer to take action, others prefer to internalize.

James R. Hull

The Vault

Development of Character Arc

All growth is not transformative.

James R. Hull

The Vault

Main Character and Meaning

When it comes to making your narrative mean something, a clear indication of the central character's point-of-view is paramount.

James R. Hull

The Vault

Character Motivation Defined

Archetypes consist of one Action and one Decision element.

James R. Hull

The Vault

Archetypes That Make Sense

In a complete story, characters perform a function.

James R. Hull

The Vault

Archetypes and the Hero's Journey

A better method for appreciating character relationships exists.

James R. Hull

The Vault

Two Sides of the Same Coin

The cliché of the century finds roots in human psychology.

James R. Hull

The Vault

What Character Arc Really Means

Some characters grow by maintaining their resolve against all odds.

James R. Hull

The Vault

Determining the Mind of a Main Character

How a character thinks determines the order of Acts within a story.

James R. Hull

The Vault

The End Of A Main Character's Arc

Peaceful resolutions come in many different ways, regardless of how reprehensible.

James R. Hull

The Vault

Untapped Potential

An examination of a missed opportunity for story greatness.

James R. Hull

The Vault

Of Tragedies and Triumphs

A meaningful ending is one where the Author communicates a complete argument.

James R. Hull

The Vault

Writing the Personal Tragedy

The combination of success with unresolved emotional states creates this bittersweet narrative.

James R. Hull

The Vault

Writing the Personal Triumph

The combination of failure and a sense of peace creates this bittersweet narrative.

James R. Hull

The Vault

How to Write a Tragedy

Mix equal parts objective failure with subjective angst.

James R. Hull

The Vault

How to End a Movie

Meaningful endings are a result of orchestrating a compelling argument.

James R. Hull

The Vault

A Case Of The Missing Heart

Visually stunning but lacking heart? It's not just one thing that is wrong, it's two.

James R. Hull

The Vault

A Story is an Argument

For a narrative to enjoy lasting meaning, an argument must form the foundation of its structure.

James R. Hull

The Vault

Same Story, Different Title

What do Sean Penn’s _Into the Wild_ and M. Night Shyamalan’s _The Sixth Sense_ have in common? Much more than you would probably think.

James R. Hull

The Vault

Every Character Should Have An Arc

But not every character needs to change their personal point-of-view.

James R. Hull

The Vault

The Distance Needed To Write A Meaningful Story

Stories are as long as they need to be to fully explore the argument being made.

James R. Hull

The Vault

Why You Shouldn't Care How the Dramatica Theory of Story Works

A look under the hood proves to be a tremendous waste of energy.

James R. Hull

The Vault

The Most Important Event in a Story

The event that creates the original inequity motivates the efforts to bring about resolution.

James R. Hull

The Vault

A Good Influence Character Makes Things Uncomfortable

Influence Characters challenge the Main Character to deal with their justifications.

James R. Hull

The Vault

The Dramatic Differences Between the Male and Female Mind

The seemingly crazy ways your partner looks at the world could help you better understand story.

James R. Hull

The Vault

The Second Most Important Character in a Film

Steadfast characters believe the same thing that drives them should drive everyone.

James R. Hull

The Vault

Thinking of Your Audience First

Narrative structure isn't always about the story--sometimes it can help an Author better understand their Audience.

James R. Hull

The Vault

Ratatouille: Why the Film Seems Too Long

Replacing one director with another resulted in competing storyforms--with different levels of scope.

James R. Hull

The Vault

A Simple Way to Look at the Throughlines of Your Story

A simple question you can ask to determine the thematic issues of your story.

James R. Hull

The Vault

The Truth about Dramatica and the X-Files

The conspiracy to keep secret the hidden code of narrative structure.

James R. Hull

The Vault

Actual Proof of a Screenwriter Using Dramatica

The truth is out there. In this episode.

James R. Hull

The Vault

Steadfast Characters and the Crucial Element

Exploring character arc in characters that don't "change."

James R. Hull

The Vault

When the Main Character is NOT the Protagonist

Separate the perspective of the Main Character from the function of the Protagonist and open up an entirely new world of storytelling.

James R. Hull

The Vault

Writing Consistent Plot Points

Break this relationship and your story falls apart.

James R. Hull

The Vault

The Keys to the Crucial Element of Screenwriting

A way to see character arc without the perspective of time.

James R. Hull

The Vault

Casino Royale: Rewinding Your Main Character

Compare the end with the beginning to determine Resolve.

James R. Hull

The Vault

Stories Are Like Birthday Cake

You know how great one tastes, but you probably don't know what goes into it.

James R. Hull

The Vault

The Prestige: Identifying the Main Character

When defining the structure of your story, who you are looking at and who you are looking from within matters.

James R. Hull

The Vault

A Way to Build Dramatic Depth

Thinking in terms of Hero only is limiting.

James R. Hull

The Vault

Why Act Order Is More Important Than Time Spent

Most story paradigms emphasize the amount of time spent on an Act over the more important order in which the Acts appear.

James R. Hull

The Vault

Determining Your Protagonist’s Goal

In order to clearly define the Goal of your story, define who the Audience roots for and make that side the Protagonist.

James R. Hull

The Vault

Dramatica Simplified

A simple way to look at the theory's eight essential dynamic story points of narrative.

James R. Hull