A master class in solid & meaningful narrative structure.

If story is king, then Whiplash is royalty.

Doubling down with fantastic performances from J.K. Simmons and Miles Teller, writer/director Damien Chazelle crafts a tight and tense narrative that never relents and never strays from its central argument.

Main Character Andrew Neiman (Miles Teller) practices, practices and practices some more (Main Character Approach: Do-er) as he pursues the goal of being one of the greats (Protagonist, Story Goal: Being). Conductor Terrence Fletcher (J.K. Simmons) stands in Andrew's way, both logistically and emotionally (Antagonist and Obstacle Character respectively), hurling cymbals and slapping faces (Relationship Story Domain: Physics, Relationship Story Concern: Doing), all in an effort to break his students down (Objective Story Requirements: Becoming) on their way to being the very best at the Shaffer Conservatory in New York (Objective Story Concern: Being).

Natural talent rules the stage (Objective Story Issue: Ability), with Terrence terrorizing students for playing in the wrong key (Objective Story Domain: Psychology, Objective Story Focus: Accurate) and sabotaging their performances by removing much-needed sheet music (Objective Story Direction: Deviation). Driven to create the next Buddy Rich (Obstacle Character Problem: Cause), Terrence stops at nothing to demean those under his tutelage (Obstacle Character Issue: Value). Explosive and unwavering in his righteous approach, Terrence relentlessly breaks Andrew down with everything he can't do (Obstacle Character Concern: Impulsive Directions, Obstacle Character Domain: Mind, Obstacle Character Direction: Presumption).

At the heart of their relationship lies their true problem--Andrew's determination to be one of the greats vs. Terrence's determination to send mother-less Andrew home crying (Relationship Story Problem: Determination, Main Character Domain: Universe).

Andrew only slows down when he feels he has proven himself worthy of Fletcher's admiration (Main Character Solution: Proven), an indulgence that only serves to demotivate and ultimately, defeat him. The moment he finds himself up against a new drummer, Andrew kicks in and redoubles his efforts (Main Character Problem: Presumption)--an approach that eventually pays off (Main Character Resolve: Steadfast).

Terrence sets Andrew up, preferring to focus on the one responsible for his termination rather than the potential in that one for greatness (Objective Story Problem: Cause) setting the stage for Andrew's failure. But the future great-one leaves his doting father in the wings, returns to his kit and faces Terrence as the menace he always was (Main Character Transit 4: Progress, Main Character Unique Ability: Threat).

Andrew's performance changes Terrence, to the point where the immovable conductor cares less about being the agent for change and more about improving the effectiveness of Andrew's set (Obstacle Character Resolve: Change, Obstacle Character Solution: Effect). Resetting the cymbal cements this growth of character and insures a fruitful performance (Objective Story Solution: Effect), fulfilling Andrew with the peace of mind that the suffering was worth it (Story Judgment: Good) and guaranteeing his place among the greats (Story Outcome: Success).

With a narrative as tight and effective as this, Whiplash too guarantees its place among the great films of all time.

Download the FREE e-book Never Trust a Hero

Don't miss out on the latest in narrative theory and storytelling with artificial intelligence. Subscribe to the Narrative First newsletter below and receive a link to download the 20-page e-book, Never Trust a Hero.